Author: Chang, W.
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MOPA83 Automation of Superconducting Cavity and Superconducting Magnet Operation for FRIB 239

• W. Chang, Y. Choi, X.-J. Du, W. Hartung, S.H. Kim, T. Konomi, S.R. Kunjir, H. Nguyen, J.T. Popielarski, K. Saito, T. Xu, S. Zhao
FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA

The superconducting (SC) driver linac for the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) is a heavy-ion accelerator that accelerate ions to 200 MeV per nucleon. The linac has 46 cryomodules that contain 324 SC cavities and 69 SC solenoid packages. For linac operation with high availability and high reliability, automation is essential for such tasks as fast device turn-on/off, fast recovery from trips, and real-time monitoring of operational performance. We have implemented several automation algorithms, including one-button turn-on/off of SC cavities and SC magnets; automated degaussing of SC solenoids; mitigation of field emission-induced multipacting during recovery from cavity trips; and real-time monitoring of the cavity field level calibration. The design, development, and operating experience with automation will be presented.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-MOPA83
About • Received ※ 02 August 2022 — Revised ※ 03 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 06 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 26 August 2022
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MOPA84 Superconducting Cavity Commissioning for the FRIB Linac 242

• W. Chang, W. Hartung, S.H. Kim, T. Konomi, S.R. Kunjir, J.T. Popielarski, K. Saito, T. Xu, S. Zhao
FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA

The superconducting driver linac for the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) is a heavy ion accelerator that has 46 cryomodules with 324 superconducting (SC) cavities that accelerate ions to 200 MeV per nucleon. Linac commissioning was done in multiple phases, in parallel with technical installation. Ion beam have now been accelerated to the design energy through the full linac; rare isotopes were first produced in December 2021; and the first user experiment was completed in May 2022. All cryomodules were successfully commissioned. Cryomodule commissioning included establishing the desired cavity fields, measuring field emission X-rays, optimizing the tuner control loops, measuring the cavity dynamic heat load, and confirming the low-level RF control (amplitude and phase stability). Results on cryomodule commissioning and cryomodule performance will be presented.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-MOPA84
About • Received ※ 13 July 2022 — Revised ※ 02 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 13 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 05 September 2022
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MOPA86 Conditioning of Low-Field Multipacting Barriers in Superconducting Quarter-Wave Resonators 249

• S.H. Kim, W. Chang, W. Hartung, J.T. Popielarski, T. Xu
FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA

Funding: This is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science under Cooperative Agreement DE-SC0000661, the State of Michigan and Michigan State University.
Multipacting (MP) barriers are typically observed at very low RF amplitude, at a field 2 to 3 orders of magnitude below the operating gradient, in low-frequency (<~100 MHz), quarter-wave resonators (QWRs). Such barriers may be troublesome, as RF conditioning with a fundamental power coupler (FPC) of typical coupling strength (external Q = 106 to 107) is generally difficult. For the FRIB \beta = 0.085 QWRs (80.5 MHz), the low barrier is observed at an accelerating gradient (Eacc) of ~10 kV/m; the operating Eacc is 5.6 MV/m. Theoretical and simulation studies suggested that the conditioning is difficult due to the relatively low RF power dissipated into multipacting rather than being a problem of the low barrier being stronger than other barriers. We developed a single-stub coaxial FPC matching element for external adjustment of the external Q by one order of magnitude. The matching element provided a significant reduction in the time to condition the low barrier. We will present theoretical and simulation studies of the low MP barrier and experimental results on MP conditioning with the single-stub FPC matching element.

DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-MOPA86
About • Received ※ 03 August 2022 — Revised ※ 09 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 11 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 21 August 2022
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MOPA91 Plasma Processing of Superconducting Quarter-Wave Resonators Using a Higher-Order Mode 267

• W. Hartung, W. Chang, K. Elliott, S.H. Kim, T. Konomi, J.T. Popielarski, K. Saito, T. Xu
FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA

The Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) is a superconducting ion linac with acceleration provided by 104 quarter-wave resonators (QWRs) and 220 half-wave resonators (HWRs); FRIB user operations began in May 2022. Plasma cleaning is being developed as a method to mitigate possible future degradation of QWR or HWR performance: in-situ plasma cleaning represents an alternative to removal and disassembly of cryomodules for refurbishment of each cavity via repeat etching and rinsing. Initial measurements were done on a QWR and an HWR with room-temperature-matched input couplers to drive the plasma via the fundamental mode. Subsequent plasma cleaning tests were done on two additional FRIB QWRs using the fundamental power coupler (FPC) to drive the plasma. When using the FPC, a higher-order mode (HOM) at 5 times the accelerating mode frequency was used to drive the plasma. Use of the HOM allowed for less mismatch at the FPC and hence lower field in the coupler relative to the cavity. A neon-oxygen gas mixture was used for plasma generation. Before and after cold tests showed a significant reduction in field emission X-rays after plasma cleaning. Results will be presented.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-MOPA91
About • Received ※ 12 August 2022 — Revised ※ 16 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 25 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 16 September 2022
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