Author: Kachwala, A.H.
Paper Title Page
TUYD4 Towards High Brightness from Plasmon-Enhanced Photoemitters 285
  • C.M. Pierce, I.V. Bazarov, J.M. Maxson
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • D.B. Durham, D. Filippetto, F. Riminucci
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
  • A.H. Kachwala, S.S. Karkare
    Arizona State University, Tempe, USA
  • A. Minor
    UC Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA
  Funding: This work is supported by DOE BES Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. C.P. acknowledges NSF Award PHY-1549132 (CBB) and the US DOE SCGSR program. DD was supported by NSF Grant No. DMR-1548924 (STROBE).
Plasmonic cathodes, whose nanoscale features may locally enhance optical energy from the driving laser trapped at the vacuum interface, have emerged as a promising technology for improving the brightness of metal cathodes. A six orders of magnitude improvement [1] in the non-linear yield of metals has been experimentally demonstrated through this type of nanopatterning. Further, nanoscale lens structures may focus light below its free-space wavelength offering multiphoton photoemission from a region near 10 times smaller [2] than that achievable in typical photoinjectors. In this proceeding, we report on our efforts to characterize the brightness of two plasmonic cathode concepts: a spiral lens and a nanogroove array. We demonstrate an ability to engineer and fabricate nanoscale patterned cathodes by comparing their optical properties with those computed with a finite difference time domain (FDTD) code. The emittance and nonlinear yield of the cathodes are measured under ultrafast laser irradiation. Finally, prospects of this technology for the control and acceleration of charged particle beams are discussed.
[1] Polyakov, A., et al. (2013). Physical Review Letters, 110(7), 076802.
[2] Durham, D. B., et al. (2019). Physical Review Applied, 12(5), 054057.
slides icon Slides TUYD4 [7.160 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-TUYD4  
About • Received ※ 05 August 2022 — Revised ※ 08 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 11 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 13 September 2022
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TUYD6 Design of a 200 kV DC Cryocooled Photoemission Gun for Photocathode Investigations 292
  • G.S. Gevorkyan, T.J. Hanks, A.H. Kachwala, S.S. Karkare, C.J. Knill, C.A. Sarabia Cardenas
    Arizona State University, Tempe, USA
  Funding: This work was supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation under Award No. PHY-1549132, the Center for Bright Beams, and the DOE under Grant No. DE-SC0021092.
We present the first results of the commissioning of the 200 kV DC electron gun with a cryogenically cooled cathode at Arizona State University. The gun is specifically designed for studying a wide variety of novel cathode materials including single crystalline and epitaxially grown materials at 30 K temperatures to obtain the lowest possible intrinsic emittance of UED and XFEL applications [1]. We will present the measurements of the cryogenic performance of the gun and the first high voltage commissioning results.
[1] G. S. Gevorkyan et. al., Proc. of NAPAC19 MOPLM16 (2019)
slides icon Slides TUYD6 [12.632 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-TUYD6  
About • Received ※ 03 August 2022 — Revised ※ 09 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 11 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 29 September 2022
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WEPA65 On-Chip Photonics Integrated Photocathodes 773
  • A.H. Kachwala, O. Chubenko, S.S. Karkare
    Arizona State University, Tempe, USA
  • R. Ahsan
    USC, Los Angeles, California, USA
  • H.U. Chae, R. Kapadia
    University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA
  Funding: This work is supported by the NSF Center for Bright Beams under award PHY-1549132, and by the Department of Energy, Office of Science under awards DE-SC0021092, and DE-SC0021213.
Photonics integrated photocathodes can result in advanced electron sources for various accelerator applications. In such photocathodes, light can be directed using waveguides and other photonic components on the substrate underneath a photoemissive film to generate electron emission from specific locations at sub-micron scales and at specific times at 100-femtosecond scales along with triggering novel photoemission mechanisms resulting in brighter electron beams and enabling unprecedented spatio-temporal shaping of the emitted electrons. In this work we have demonstrated photoemission confined in the transverse direction using a nanofabricated Si3N4 waveguide underneath a 40-nm thick cesiated GaAs photoemissive film, thus demonstrating a proof of principle feasibility of such photonics integrated photocathodes. This work paves the way to integrate the advances in the field of photonics and nanofabrication with photocathodes to develop better electron sources.
poster icon Poster WEPA65 [0.642 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-WEPA65  
About • Received ※ 26 July 2022 — Revised ※ 06 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 07 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 10 August 2022
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