Author: Tong, X.
Paper Title Page
Progress Towards Long-Lifetime, High-Current Polarized-Electron Sources  
  • J.P. Biswas
    Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, USA
  • J.P. Biswas, M. Gaowei, W. Liu, O.H. Rahman, J.T. Sadowski, X. Tong, E. Wang
    BNL, Upton, New York, USA
  Funding: The work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886
We describe new activation techniques, developed using Cs-Te and Cs-O-Te as a activation layers, to achieve Negative Electron Affinity (NEA) surfaces of GaAs. X-Ray photoelectron spectroscopic and Low Energy Electron Microscopic studies have been performed on these surfaces. The results indicate that both layers achieve NEA of GaAs and lead to longer charge lifetime compared to traditional Cs-O/GaAs photocathodes.
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