|WEPA66||Near-Threshold Photoemission from Graphene Coated Cu Single Crystals||776|
Funding: This work was supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation under Award PHY-1549132, the Center for Bright Beams, and by the Department of Energy under Grant DE-SC0021092.
The brightness of electron beams emitted from photocathodes plays a key role in the performance of x-ray free electron lasers (XFELs) and ultrafast electron diffraction (UED) experiments. In order to achieve the maximum beam brightness, the electrons need to be emitted from photocathodes with the smallest possible mean transverse energy (MTE). Recent studies have looked at the effect that a graphene coating has on the quantum efficiency (QE) of the cathode . However, there have not yet been any investigations into the effect that a graphene coating has on the MTE. Here we report on MTE and QE measurements of a graphene coated Cu(110) single crystal cathode at room and cryogenic temperatures. At room temperature, a minimum MTE of 25 meV was measured at 295 nm. This MTE remained stable at 25 meV over several days. At 77 K, the minimum MTE of 9 meV was measured at 290 nm. We perform density functional theory (DFT) calculations to look at the effects of a graphene coating on a Cu(111) surface state. These calculations show that the graphene coating reduces the radius of the surface state, allowing for emission from a lower transverse energy state in comparison to bare Cu(111).
 F. Liu et al, Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 041607 (2017); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4974738
|DOI •||reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-WEPA66|
|About •||Received ※ 28 July 2022 — Revised ※ 19 July 2022 — Accepted ※ 07 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 10 August 2022|
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