|Development of Achromatic Imaging Capabilities for pRad at LANSCE|
Funding: The research presented is supported by the Laboratory Directed Research and Development program of Los Alamos National Laboratory under project number 20220343ER.
Proton radiography is a powerful diagnostics technique that is capable of resolving ultra-fast processes on the ns scale in dense matter with micrometer spatial resolution. This unique performance is realized by the use of a chromatic imaging system, which consists of four quadrupole lenses . Chromatic imaging systems have a mono-energetic focal length. That means, if a target with areas of different energy losses is to be investigated, it is only possible to focus on one proton energy leaving other areas of interest blurred. A simple method of focusing multiple energies at once and thus increasing the depth-of-field is the use of multiple detector stations along the beam axis. Proton images captured at downstream detector positions can be combined into a single image using a method called ’focus stacking’. A complete cancellation of the position- and energy dependent 2nd order chromatic aberrations that mostly affect the current image quality of pRad  is only possible by using an achromatic imaging system. Following the proposals in early design studies at LANSCE  a new prototype achromatic system is currently being developed for a 25 MeV S-band electron accelerator.
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