Author: Wijethunga, S.A.K.
Paper Title Page
WEXD6 Electron Cloud Measurements in Fermilab Booster 556
  • S.A.K. Wijethunga, J.S. Eldred, E. Pozdeyev, C.-Y. Tan
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  Fermilab Booster synchrotron requires an intensity upgrade from 4.5×1012 to 6.5×1012 protons per pulse as a part of Fermilab’s Proton Improvement Plan-II (PIP-II). One of the factors which may limit the high-intensity performance is the fast transverse instabilities caused by electron cloud effects. According to the experience in the Recycler, the electron cloud gradually builds up over multiple turns in the combined function magnets and can reach final intensities orders of magnitude greater than in a pure dipole. Since the Booster synchrotron also incorporates combined function magnets, it is important to discover any existence of an electron cloud. And if it does, its effects on the PIP-II era Booster and whether mitigating techniques are required. As the first step, the presence or absence of the electron cloud was investigated using a gap technique. This paper presents experimental details and observations of the bunch-by-bunch tune shifts of beams with various bunch train structures at low and high intensities and simulation results conducted using PyECLOUD software.  
slides icon Slides WEXD6 [4.483 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-WEXD6  
About • Received ※ 02 August 2022 — Revised ※ 11 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 09 September 2022
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WEPA17 Improved Electrostatic Design of the Jefferson Lab 300 kV DC Photogun and the Minimization of Beam Deflection 655
  • M.A. Mamun, D.B. Bullard, J.M. Grames, C. Hernandez-Garcia, G.A. Krafft, M. Poelker, R. Suleiman
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • J.R. Delayen, G.A. Krafft, G.G. Palacios Serrano, S.A.K. Wijethunga
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
  Funding: This work is supported by the Department of Energy, under contract DE-AC05-06OR23177, JSA initiatives fund program, and the Laboratory Directed Research and Development program.
An electron beam with high bunch charge and high repetition rate is required for electron cooling of the ion beam to achieve the high luminosity required for the proposed electron-ion colliders. An improved design of the 300 kV DC high voltage photogun at Jefferson Lab was incorporated toward overcoming the beam loss and space charge current limitation experienced in the original design. To reach the bunch charge goal of ~ few nC within 75 ps bunches, the existing DC high voltage photogun electrodes and anode-cathode gap were modified to increase the longitudinal electric field (Ez) at the photocathode. The anode-cathode gap was reduced to increase the Ez at the photocathode, and the anode aperture was spatially shifted with respect to the beamline longitudinal axis to minimize the beam deflection introduced by the geometric asymmetry of the inverted insulator photogun. The electrostatic design and beam dynamics simulations were performed to determine the required modification. Beam-based measurement from the modified gun confirmed the reduction of the beam deflection, which is presented in this contribution.
poster icon Poster WEPA17 [2.973 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-WEPA17  
About • Received ※ 23 July 2022 — Revised ※ 28 July 2022 — Accepted ※ 05 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 11 August 2022
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