Author: Cummings, M.A.
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TUPA04 Sheet Electron Probe for Beam Tomography 354
  • V.G. Dudnikov, M.A. Cummings, G. Dudnikova
    Muons, Inc, Illinois, USA
  Funding: Supported by DOE SBIR grant # DE-SC0021581.
We propose a new approach to electron beam tomography: we will generate a pulsed sheet of electrons. As the ion beam bunches pass through the sheet, they cause distortions in the distribution of sheet electrons arriving at a luminescent screen with a CCD device on the other side of the beam; these sheet electrons are interpreted to give a continuous measurement of the beam profile. The apparatus to generate the sheet beam is a strip cathode, which, compared to the scanning electron beam probe, is smaller, has simpler design and less expensive manufacturing, has better magnetic shielding, has higher sensitivity and higher resolution, has better accuracy of measurement, and has better time resolution.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-TUPA04  
About • Received ※ 22 July 2022 — Revised ※ 02 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 08 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 10 August 2022
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TUPA05 An H Injector for the ESS Storage Ring 357
  • V.G. Dudnikov, M.A. Cummings, M. Popovic
    Muons, Inc, Illinois, USA
  H charge exchange (stripping) injection into the European Spallation neutron Source (ESS) Storage Ring requires a 90 mA H ion source that delivers 2.9 ms pulses at 14 Hz repetition rate (duty factor ~4%) that can be extended to 28 Hz (df 8%). This can be achieved with a magnetron surface plasma H source (SPS) with active cathode and anode cooling. The Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) magnetron SPS can produce an H beam current of 100 mA with about 2 kW discharge power and can operate up to 0.7 % duty factor (average power 14 W) without active cooling. We describe how active cathode and anode cooling can be applied to the BNL source to increase the average discharge power up to 140 W (df 8%) to satisfy the needs of the ESS. We also describe the use of a short electrostatic LEBT as is used at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Spallation Neutron Source to improve the beam delivery to the RFQ.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-TUPA05  
About • Received ※ 02 August 2022 — Revised ※ 08 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 10 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 04 September 2022
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TUPA09 Designing Accelerator-Driven Experiments for Accelerator-Driven Reactors 360
  • M.A. Cummings, R.J. Abrams, R.P. Johnson, J.D. Lobo, T.J. Roberts
    Muons, Inc, Illinois, USA
  Muons, Inc., with its collaborators, to the best of our knowledge is the only one of the several reactor concept companies in the US that is concentrating on an accelerator-driven subcritical high-power reactor design. The major objection to such systems has been that short interruptions of beam of even a few seconds would turn off fission power long enough to induce temperature-gradient shocks and subsequent fatigue of solid fuel elements. Mu*STAR solves this problem by using a molten-salt fuel. Mu*STAR is a reactor design that not only includes a particle accelerator as an integral part, but has several innovative features that make it a compelling solution to many problems. We note that the ADSR concepts being pursued by the Chinese Academy of Science (ADANES) and the Belgians (MYRRHA) are based on traditional solid fuel elements and require exceptional stability from their accelerator.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-TUPA09  
About • Received ※ 03 August 2022 — Revised ※ 05 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 08 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 29 September 2022
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TUPA11 Magnet System for a Compact Microtron Source 363
  • S.A. Kahn, R.J. Abrams, M.A. Cummings, R.P. Johnson, G.M. Kazakevich
    Muons, Inc, Illinois, USA
  Funding: Work supported in part by U.S. D.O.E. SBIR grant DE-SC0013795.
A microtron can be an effective intense electron source. It can use less RF power than a linac to produce a similar energy because the beam will pass through the RF cavity several times. To produce a high-quality low-emittance beam with a microtron requires a magnetic system with a field uniformity $δ B/B<0.001. Field quality for a compact microtron with fewer turns is more difficult to achieve. In this study we describe the magnet for a compact S-band microtron that will achieve the necessary field requirements. The shaping of the magnet poles and shimming of the magnet iron at the outer extent of the poles will be employed to provide field uniformity. The extraction of the beam will be discussed.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-TUPA11  
About • Received ※ 04 August 2022 — Revised ※ 14 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 06 September 2022 — Issue date ※ 08 October 2022
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TUPA13 Affordable, Efficient Injection-Locked Magnetrons for Superconducting Cavities 366
  • M. Popovic, M.A. Cummings, R.P. Johnson, S.A. Kahn, R.R. Lentz, M.L. Neubauer, T. Wynn
    Muons, Inc, Illinois, USA
  • T. Blassick, J.K. Wessel
    Richardson Electronics Ltd, Lafox, Illinois, USA
  Funding: DE-SC0022586.
Existing magnetrons that are typically used to study methods of control or lifetime improvements for SRF accelerators are built for much different applications such kitchen microwave ovens (1kW, 2.45 GHz) or industrial heating (100 kW, 915 MHz). In this project, Muons, Inc. will work with an industrial partner to develop fast and flexible manufacturing techniques to allow many ideas to be tested for construction variations that enable new phase and amplitude injection locking control methods, longer lifetime, and inexpensive refurbishing resulting in the lowest possible life-cycle costs. In Phase II magnetron sources will be tested on SRF cavities to accelerate an electron beam at JLab. A magnetron operating at 650 MHz will be constructed and tested with our novel patented subcritical voltage operation methods to drive an SRF cavity. The choice of 650 MHz is an optimal frequency for magnetron efficiency. The critical areas of magnetron manufacturing and design affecting life-cycle costs that will be modeled for improvement include: Qext, filaments, magnetic field, vane design, and novel control of outgassing.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-TUPA13  
About • Received ※ 05 August 2022 — Revised ※ 11 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 12 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 23 August 2022
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WEYD6 Design of a PIP-II Era Mu2e Experiment 568
  • M.A. Cummings, R.J. Abrams, R.P. Johnson, T.J. Roberts
    Muons, Inc, Illinois, USA
  • D.V. Neuffer
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  We propose a design of an upgraded Mu2e experiment for the future Fermilab PIP-II era based on the muon collider front end. The consensus is that such an upgrade should provide a factor of 10 increase in the rate of stopping muons in the experimental target. The current Mu2e design is optimized for 8 kW of protons at 8 GeV. The PIP-II upgrade project is a 250-meter-long CW linac capable of accelerating a 2-mA proton beam to a kinetic energy of 800 MeV (total power 1.6 MW). This would significantly improve the Fermilab proton source to enable next-generation intensity frontier experiments. But using this 800 MeV beam poses challenges to the Mu2E experiment. Bright muon beams generated from sources designed for muon collider and neutrino factory facilities have been shown to generate two orders of magnitude more muons per proton than the current Mu2e production target and solenoid. In contrast to the current Mu2e, the muon collider design has forward-production of muons from the target.  
slides icon Slides WEYD6 [1.937 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-WEYD6  
About • Received ※ 06 August 2022 — Revised ※ 11 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 12 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 09 October 2022
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