Keyword: undulator
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MOZD2 Preliminary Study of a High Gain THz FEL in a Recirculating Cavity electron, radiation, FEL, GUI 30
  • A.C. Fisher, P. Musumeci
    UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
  The THz gap is a region of the electromagnetic spectrum where high average and peak power radiation sources are scarce while at the same time scientific and industrial applications are growing in demand. Free-electron laser coupling in a magnetic undulator is one of the best options for radiation generation in this frequency range, but slippage effects require the use of relatively long and low current electron bunches to drive the THz FEL, limiting amplification gain and output peak power. Here we use a circular waveguide in a 0.96 m strongly tapered helical undulator to match the radiation and e-beam velocities, allowing resonant energy extraction from an ultrashort 200 pC 5.5 MeV electron beam over an extended distance. E-beam energy measurements, supported by energy and spectral measurement of the THz FEL radiation, indicate an average energy efficiency of ~ 10%, with some particles losing > 20% of their initial kinetic energy.  
slides icon Slides MOZD2 [7.005 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-MOZD2  
About • Received ※ 04 August 2022 — Revised ※ 04 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 06 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 13 August 2022
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TUPA32 SCU Ends Configured as Phase Shifter simulation, FEL, electron, quadrupole 420
  • M.F. Qian
    ANL, Lemont, Illinois, USA
  Funding: Work supported by LDRD funding from Argonne National Laboratory, provided by the Director, Office of Science, of the U.S. DOE under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
Dipole correctors and phase shifters are usually needed in the interspace of a permanent magnet (PM)-based undulator array for purposes of beam steering and phase matching when the field strength is changing. Unlike the PM-based undulators, the superconducting undulator (SCU) can change its end field with the help of varying currents in the end coils. By setting the end coil currents the beam-steering and the phase-matching could be realized, thus eliminating the need for standalone correctors and phase shifters, saving the interspace as well as reducing the mechanical complexity of an undulator array. We developed a procedure for determining the SCU end coil currents and verified it by numerical simulations. The procedure as well as the simulation results are described in this paper.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-TUPA32  
About • Received ※ 03 August 2022 — Revised ※ 08 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 10 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 07 September 2022
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TUPA33 Magnetic Field Calculation of Superconducting Undulators for FEL Using Maxwell 3D FEL, electron, wiggler, laser 423
  • Y. Shiroyanagi, Y. Ivanyushenkov, M. Kasa
    ANL, Lemont, Illinois, USA
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
An ANL-SLAC collaboration is working on design of a planar superconducting undulator (SCU) demonstrator for a FEL. As a part of this project, a SCU magnet prototype is planned to be built and tested. A planar SCU magnet consisting of a 1.0-m-long segment is being designed. Although OPERA is a standard tool for magnetic field calculation, ANSYS Maxwell 3D can also be used for a large and complex geometry. An ANSYS calculated magnetic field was benchmarked with the measured field profile of existing SCUs. This paper presents calculations of magnetic field and field integrals of 0.5-m-long and 1.0-m-long planar SCUs with a new end correction scheme. Then, an external phase shifter is also incorporated into the model. A cross-talk between a phase shifter and SCU magnetic structures is also presented.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-TUPA33  
About • Received ※ 02 August 2022 — Revised ※ 03 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 05 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 25 August 2022
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WEPA44 Compact Inter-Undulator Diagnostic Assembly for TESSA-515 quadrupole, electron, radiation, diagnostics 732
  • T.J. Hodgetts, R.B. Agustsson, Y.C. Chen, A.Y. Murokh, M. Ruelas
    RadiaBeam, Santa Monica, California, USA
  • P.E. Denham, A.C. Fisher, J. Jin, P. Musumeci, Y. Park
    UCLA, Los Angeles, USA
  Funding: DOE grant DE-SC0009914, DE-SC0018559, and DE-SC0017102.
Beamline space is a very expensive and highly sought-after commodity, which makes the creation of compact integrated optics and diagnostics extremely valuable. The FAST- GREENS experimental program aims at demonstrating 10 % extraction efficiency from a relativistic electron beam using four helical undulators operating in the high gain TESSA regime. The inter-undulator gap needs to be as short as possible (17 cm in the current plans) to maximize the output power. Within this short distance, we needed to fit two focusing quadrupoles, a variable strength phase shifter, a transverse profile monitor consisting of a YAG-OTR combination for co-aligning the electron beam and laser, and an ion pump. By making the quadrupoles tunable with a variable gradient, in combination with vertical displacement, we can meet the optics requirements of matching the beam transversely to the natural focusing of the undulators. The two quadrupoles in conjunction with the electromagnetic dipole also serve as a phase shifter to realign the radiation and the bunching before each undulator section. This paper will discuss the mechanical design of this inter-undulator break section and its components.
poster icon Poster WEPA44 [0.752 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-WEPA44  
About • Received ※ 27 July 2022 — Revised ※ 03 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 08 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 11 August 2022
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THYE3 Superconducting Undulators and Cryomodules for X-ray Free-Electron Lasers FEL, electron, alignment, quadrupole 870
  • D.C. Nguyen, G.J. Bouchard, B.M. Dunham, G.L. Gassner, Z. Huang, E.M. Kraft, P. Krejcik, M.A. Montironi, H.-D. Nuhn, T.O. Raubenheimer, Z.R. Wolf, Z. Zhang
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • J.M. Byrd, J.D. Fuerst, E. Gluskin, Y. Ivanyushenkov, M. Kasa, E.R. Moog, M.F. Qian, Y. Shiroyanagi
    ANL, Lemont, Illinois, USA
  Funding: Work supported by the US DOE Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, Office of Accelerator and Detector Research (Manager: Dr. Eliane Lessner).
We present connectable designs of superconducting undulators (SCU) and cryomodules (CM) based on previous SCU and CM designs at Argonne National Lab. The new SCU and CM designs will allow us to connect one CM to the next to form a contiguous line of SCUs with no breaks between the cryomodules. The SCU design will have correctors and phase shifters integrated into the main SCU magnet core, as well as external corrector magnets for trajectory corrections. There will also be a cryogenic magnetic quadrupole and a cold RF beam position monitor (BPM) integrated in the SCU CM. In addition to providing the usual FODO transverse focusing, the quadrupole and BPM will be used for the beam-based alignment technique that is critical for X-ray FEL operation. In this paper, we will present the conceptual design of the new SCU CM as well as results of FEL simulations using the SCUs as afterburners for the LCLS hard X-ray undulators.
slides icon Slides THYE3 [2.657 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-THYE3  
About • Received ※ 02 August 2022 — Revised ※ 07 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 08 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 16 August 2022
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