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MOODE1 Applications of Particle Accelerators linac, electron, neutron, target 1
  • M. Uesaka
    JAEC, Tokyo, Japan
  Applications of particle accelerators amid global policies of carbon neutrality and economic security. are reviewed. Downsizing of high energy large scaled accelerators by advanced technologies enables a variety of medical and industrial uses. One of the highlights is upgrade of sustainable supply chain of medical radioisotopes by the best mix of research reactors and accelerators. 99Mo/99mTc for diagnosis are going to be produced by low enriched U reactor and proton-cyclotron, electron rhodotron and electron linac. Moreover, the theranostics by 177Lu (beta) and 211At/225Ac (alpha) are going to be realized. Proton-cyclotron and electron linac are expected to produce them soon. This new affordable radiation therapy should play an important role in the IAEA project of Rays of Hopes. Next, proof-of-principle trails of on-site bridge inspection of the portable X-band (9.3 GHz) electron linac X-ray/neutron sources are under way. The technical guideline for the practical inspection is to be formed in a couple of years. Ultimate micro-accelerator for microbeam applications is dielectric laser accelerator, such as ACHIP project. Updated projects and results are also introduced.  
slides icon Slides MOODE1 [3.065 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-MOODE1  
About • Received ※ 02 August 2022 — Revised ※ 09 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 10 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 11 August 2022
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TUPA09 Designing Accelerator-Driven Experiments for Accelerator-Driven Reactors neutron, target, experiment, operation 360
  • M.A. Cummings, R.J. Abrams, R.P. Johnson, J.D. Lobo, T.J. Roberts
    Muons, Inc, Illinois, USA
  Muons, Inc., with its collaborators, to the best of our knowledge is the only one of the several reactor concept companies in the US that is concentrating on an accelerator-driven subcritical high-power reactor design. The major objection to such systems has been that short interruptions of beam of even a few seconds would turn off fission power long enough to induce temperature-gradient shocks and subsequent fatigue of solid fuel elements. Mu*STAR solves this problem by using a molten-salt fuel. Mu*STAR is a reactor design that not only includes a particle accelerator as an integral part, but has several innovative features that make it a compelling solution to many problems. We note that the ADSR concepts being pursued by the Chinese Academy of Science (ADANES) and the Belgians (MYRRHA) are based on traditional solid fuel elements and require exceptional stability from their accelerator.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-TUPA09  
About • Received ※ 03 August 2022 — Revised ※ 05 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 08 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 29 September 2022
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WEPA30 Nb3Sn Coating of a 2.6 GHz SRF Cavity by Sputter Deposition Technique cavity, SRF, target, plasma 691
  • M.S. Shakel, W. Cao, H. Elsayed-Ali, Md.N. Sayeed
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
  • G.V. Eremeev
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • U. Pudasaini, A-M. Valente-Feliciano
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  Funding: Supported by DOE, Office of Accelerator R&D and Production, Contact No. DE-SC0022284, with partial support by DOE, Office of Nuclear Physics DE-AC05-06OR23177, Early Career Award to G. Eremeev.
Nb3Sn is of interest as a coating for SRF cavities due to its higher transition temperature Tc ~18.3 K and superheating field Hsh ~400 mT, both are twice that of Nb. Nb3Sn coated cavities can achieve high-quality factors at 4 K and can replace the bulk Nb cavities operated at 2 K. A cylindrical magnetron sputtering system was built, commissioned, and used to deposit Nb3Sn on the inner surface of a 2.6 GHz single-cell Nb cavity. With two identical cylindrical magnetrons, this system can coat a cavity with high symmetry and uniform thickness. Using Nb-Sn multilayer sequential sputtering followed by annealing at 950°C for 3 hours, polycrystalline Nb3Sn films were first deposited at the equivalent positions of the cavity’s beam tubes and equator. The film’s composition, crystal structure, and morphology were characterized by energy dispersive spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and atomic force microscopy. The Tc of the films was measured by the four-point probe method and was 17.61 to 17.76 K. Based on these studies, ~1.2 micron thick Nb3Sn was deposited inside a 2.6 GHz Nb cavity. We will discuss first results from samples and cavity coatings, and the status of the coating system.
poster icon Poster WEPA30 [1.769 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-WEPA30  
About • Received ※ 03 August 2022 — Revised ※ 08 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 11 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 22 August 2022
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WEPA52 Demonstration of Twice-Reduced Lorentz-Force Detuning in SRF Cavity by Copper Cold Spraying cavity, SRF, niobium, accelerating-gradient 749
  • R.A. Kostin, C.-J. Jing, A. Kanareykin
    Euclid TechLabs, Solon, Ohio, USA
  • G. Ciovati
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  Funding: The project is funded by DOE SBIR # DE-SC0019589
Superconducting RF (SRF) cavities usually are made from thin-walled high RRR Niobium and are susceptible to Lorentz Force Detuning (LFD) ’ cavity deformation phenomena by RF fields. In this paper, we present high gradient cryogenic results of an SRF cavity with two times reduced LFD achieved by copper cold spray reinforcement without sacrificing cavity flexibility for tuning. Finite-element model was developed first to find the best geometry for LFD reduction, which incorporated coupled RF, structural and thermal modules, and is also presented.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-WEPA52  
About • Received ※ 27 July 2022 — Revised ※ 03 August 2022 — Accepted ※ 09 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 16 August 2022
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THXD6 A Quasi-Optical Beam Position Monitor coupling, electron, photon, cavity 846
  • S.V. Kuzikov
    Euclid TechLabs, Solon, Ohio, USA
  There is a strong demand for non-destructive electron Beam Position Monitors (BPMs) for non-perturbative diagnostics of the electron beam position. Challenges are related to the shortness of the electron beam and the noisy chamber environment that are typical for modern RF-driven and plasma-driven accelerators. We propose using a pair of identical high-quality quasi-optical resonators attached to opposite sides of the beam pipe. The resonators can introduce Photonic Band Gap (BPM) structures. These open resonators sustain very low numbers of high-quality modes. We intend to operate at the lowest mode among the others that are capable of being excited by the bunches. The mentioned mode has a coupling coefficient with the beam that depends on the distance between the bunch and the coupling hole. The lower this distance, the higher the coupling. Therefore, comparing the pick-up signals of both resonators with an oscilloscope, we can determine the beam position.  
slides icon Slides THXD6 [3.745 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-NAPAC2022-THXD6  
About • Received ※ 25 July 2022 — Accepted ※ 06 August 2022 — Issue date ※ 27 September 2022  
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